Beneficial Of 72 Inch Round Dining Table

72 inch round dining table – There are many kinds of round white dining tables, each with their own stamp. They can be attached to the wall or be a part of the kitchen and living room. The difficult art is to make the white round dining table for a part of the home, without taking too much attention. In addition, the size and the style also are just right so the full benefit is achieved at home. A round white dining table can in many cases be good to have, but indeed the reverse.

Decorate your dining room in a way that complements your round dining table. Round dining tables work with different styles of décor, including modern, traditional or eclectic. Round tables can work in small, cramped or oddly shaped spaces. They can also work in the expansive dining as they tend to appear to take more room than rectangular or oval tables. 72 inch round dining table also create an intimate atmosphere. Because everyone sitting around a round dining table can easily see and talk to everyone else at the table.

Put a blanket in the middle of the room if you plan to use one. When you use a blanket, it is important to choose a carpet that is greater than the table so that all four legs of the chairs are on the carpet when the chairs are in use.  Hang a chandelier in the center of the room, if possible. The lamp you choose should complement the formality of the 72 inch round dining table . And match the level of the table. For example, a fancy, grand chandelier working with a large table in a formal dining room, but it would look ridiculous hanging over a small table in a casual or contemporary setting.

Place your round table (and chairs) in the middle of the room. Make sure there is enough room to walk behind the chairs when they are occupies. Adding a china cabinet, shelves or a buffet against a wall, if there is room. The pieces must match the table for a contemporary or traditional look. Or mix and match different kinds of pieces of a country or eclectic feel.  Set the table using different shapes to add visual interest. E.g. Use round or square place mats that can sit closer to the edge of a 72 inch round dining table, leaving more space in the middle of the table for the decor or food around Place dishes on a square mat or square plates on a round mat . Round or square napkin rings should complement the placemat.

Some Types Bedroom Curtain Ideas

Bedroom Curtain Ideas – The bedroom is probably the corner of the home in which our personalities and tastes are shapes more clearly and clearly. It is our little paradise of rest and relaxation, where we escape from the rest of the world. The curtains are a necessary accessory in the bedroom because they can make space visually better appreciate and in some cases, to provide amplitude in small rooms. But often you need to have some tips for choosing the bedroom curtain ideas. When you are going to put curtains for the first time you may need to use a color palette to determine which ones you should use and in which shades. As it should harmonize with both the paint and the general decoration of the bedroom.

If you have ever chosen bedroom curtain ideas and what you are looking for is to replace it. Then you will have a clearer idea of the colors that you have to use to choose the bedroom curtains. When they are curtains for a window where the sun always falls. Then the best option is to use linen, silk, imitation silk or velvet curtains. As they are more resistant materials to sunny places and even the imitation silk is much more durable than the authentic. If on the other hand, you are looking to get a darker room. You can eliminate the light entrance too with the curtains but the fabrics have to be much thicker. One option is to place velvet or upholstery to prevent the entrance of sunlight.

The idea is that before buying, making or ordering a curtain. You can measure the height and size you need or want. It is necessary to take into account only the width of the window but also how long you want it to cover the curtain. For example, if you have a small room with low ceilings. It is necessary that the bedroom curtain ideas are longer or reach almost to the floor. This will give a much broader feel to bedroom decor. It is necessary that they harmonize with the decoration of the room but that it is not the same fabric of the furniture or the bed linen.

The thickness of the fabric helps to give sensation to space, so choose it depending if you want a light or dark space. It is a common mistake to choose the curtains of all rooms equally, you must customize the space. It all depends on the decoration of each area of the house to choose the type and style of bedroom curtain ideas to be placed.

Reasons Why Must Use Granite Countertops Lowes

Granite Countertops Lowes – Maintenance is relatively simple, usually not requiring more than hot water and a soft cloth, and periodic re-sealing. Maintenance tends to be about once a year. Since no special cleaning agents are necessary to clean off stubborn stains. This can save you money. Granite countertops Lowes is durable enough to allow food prep such as cutting vegetables directly on its surface. Cutting boards can harbor bacteria over time as they accumulate grooves and indention from repeat use. This does not happen with granite as most knives are not made of adequate tensile strength to do any damage to the stone.

The cool stone of granite countertops Lowes surface is ideal for prepping and kneading dough for any and all baking projects. This can add joy to the holiday season if you enjoy baking. It is heat resistant, meaning that if you neglect to use a heat pad when placing hot pans directly on. Its surface you need not worry about burn damage. This also applies to leaving a curling iron on the counter in the bathroom should the countertops there be made of granite as well.

Granite countertops Lowes tends to add a minimum re-sale value of ten percent to your home. And also can add around twenty-five percent of the retail value to the appraisal value of your home. While there are no guarantees on specific numbers about use that. It is clear that there is a marked increase. And use that never a decrease on a well-install countertop. Because of the way granite forms naturally with its variations of colors, vein variations. And also add flecks no two countertops are alike. They make each one distinctive and unique. How many other features of a home provide practical use while also coming close to being a work of art?

The cost-effectiveness of granite countertops Lowes is seen in the installation cost versus the longevity of the stone. With easy maintenance it will outlast most other features of your home. It will not degrade, or need replacing due to aging. Granite countertops add a sense of elegance to any kitchen. Or also granite countertops at bathroom add their natural stone appeal and custom edging. The rich tones ranging from earthy to some more colorful variations can complement a wide range of decorating styles. And also provide the perfect accent or focus depending on preference. Granite slabs can be cut to allow customization with sink. And faucet designs for a one of a kind look, giving your home unique value. It is also possible to have special cuts made to hold soap dispenses for added refinement.

Advantages of Use Granite Countertops In Md

Granite Countertops In Md – Granite countertops are known for being both aesthetically and functionally appealing pieces for any kitchen or bathroom. Instead do of hanging onto your old laminate, stainless steel. Or also wood countertops go for the classic and timeless look that comes with granite countertops. There are a lot of stipulations and stereotypes that come with granite countertops. But there are also ten reasons that adding granite countertops in Md to your kitchen could be a great decision for you!

Granite countertops in Md is visually attractive, colorful, and a material that does not go out of style. Granite countertops will give your kitchen the extra personality it needs and deserves. This day and age, there are so many designs and colors to choose from. You can that you are guaranteeing to find the right granite style and color for you. Since granite is able to withstand extremely large amounts of pressure, heat, and water. This countertop style has the potential to last forever! Granite countertops in Md are perfect for that type of home where the kitchen is use frequently to cook and entertain.

Maintenance for granite countertops in Md. Granite requires hardly any type of maintenance to keep it looking brand new. Due to its durability, granite is easily clean with soap and water and frequent cleanings will keep it in tact for years to come. Granite countertops in Md come in a wide variety colors, designs, and sizes. There are so many styles and types of granite. That it will be easy for you to find the perfect style for your taste and your kitchen. As mention previously, granite is easily clean and maintain. As an add bonus, granite is known for its ability to resist bacteria and other unhygienic properties that could cause harm in your kitchen.

Granite countertops in Md are a common type of rock found naturally in the environment. You can go green by selecting a product that doesn’t use plastic or other manmade pollutants during the manufacturing process. The heat, pressure, and water resistant properties make granite a great countertop option for homes with children. With the durability of the rock, you won’t have to worry about children damaging the countertops by scratching or coloring on it. Which granite countertops make it a very friendly choice for a wide variety of home types?

Because granite countertops in Md come in several shapes, styles, and patterns it is safe to say. You will have a unique countertop that is unlike any other style of countertop and less likely to be duplicate by someone else interest in putting granite in their home. Granite will last longer than any other countertop material with its heat and pressure resistant properties. While the initial price of the granite countertops may seem high. The long lasting durability of the countertops turns your purchase into an investment.

Apartment Bedroom Ideas Romantic

Apartment bedroom ideas – Of all the rooms in your apartment, the bedroom should reflect your innermost. For romantic bedroom furnishings in a small space, save rococo details for accessories and textiles. If your apartment bedroom has special architectural features, highlight them with furniture and accessories that are elegant details. Then, update your bedroom with a new color scheme. If your landlord you can paint, you can paint the walls in a warm tone, which allows intimacy. Try burgundy or red for drama. If you want your bedroom to appear bigger, keeping paint colors brighter and colder, as a shabby chic palette of icy pink, lavender, cornflower blue or cream. Pale yellow or gold gives a romantic bedroom royal elegance. If you can not paint your walls. You can add these colors by hanging fabric on the walls or cover cloths with fabric and place the cloths on the walls.

Then, decorate your bedroom with stylish yet functional pieces. Most apartment bedroom ideas can not afford the space or flexibility for large, ornamental decor. Instead, consider a low platform bed with a wooden frame for a clean, modern look to use as a base for ornate beds. For a romantic bohemian look, consider a vintage bed frame of scrolled wrought iron. An upholstered headboard softens the space. Achieve a similar effect by covering a thin mattress of plush fabric. A simple dresser or armoire provides romantic style with antique drawer pulls, crystal knobs or a hand-painted trim.

Soft surfaces with different types of fabrics. In the windows, making lighter, translucent fabric natural light to filter inside. Darker fabrics with details such as gold stamping, embroidery, beading, small mirrored trim or fringe add romantic flourish to throw pillows, blankets, floor cushions, wall hangings or canopies. Embellish textiles with pom-pom trims, fringes and tassels for ornamental look apartment bedroom ideas.

Also hang artwork that leaves room for a romantic, peaceful feeling. Landscape paintings have a classic style, while abstract paintings in full color have a modern feel. Black and white photographs and video images give your apartment bedroom ideas old world elegance. Coordinate simple gallery-style frame in black lacquer or stainless steel for a streamlined look. Also highlight your apartment bedroom with multiple light sources. Although you may be limited in your choice of built-in fixtures, complete your rent lighting dramatically alters the mood of the room. Flanking a large painting with wall sconces or small lights located on the floating shelves. Then, floor lamps with elaborate, curved base have a feminine style. And also chandelier or a bouquet of bright paper lanterns over the bed allows sculptural detail.

New Method for Increasing Calculations Capacity and Speed of Today Computers Using Spin States as Quantum Bits

Iranian researchers at Shiraz University introduced a new method for increasing calculations capacity and speed of today computers using spin states as quantum bits.
Today, the researches on changing computers from conventional to quantum situation in which the capacity of calculations and speed is higher have been developed significantly. One of the candidate proposals for the materialization of the idea is using spin states as quantum bits.
“This research has been conducted with the aim of analyzing electron spin precession around magnetic field of a unidirectional ring as well as Rashba effect. Electrons spin precession around magnetic field, whether classic or quantum, has been studied since long time ago and forms a foundation for MRI. On the other hand, spin behavior as a quantum bit is used for quantum processing of information,” Mohammad Mehdi Golshan, an Iranian physicist, said to the news service of INIC.
“Since a phenomenon called Rashba effect appears in nanostructures made of different semiconductors (such as unidirectional ring), examining the effects of this phenomenon on spin states for relevant cases in MRI is of great importance”, Golshan mentioned.
He first wrote the Hamiltonian of an electron exposed to external magnetic field, Rashba effect and ring spatial limitation included, then derived time evolution operator. The average spin components time evolution was calculated together with sublayers.
“Then we came to this conclusion that electron spin precession in different points of ring is different and sublayers behavior depends on electrons position,” the faculty member of Shiraz University said.
The present research has two main advantages over recent ones. First, Rashba effect was included completely. Second, spatial limitations effects (the ring itself brings about spatial limitations) were considered completely in the configuration.
The details of the present study are available at Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, volume 6, pages 1519 to1522, 2009.

Ensysce Biosciences Receives Funding from Texas to Develop Carbon Nanotube Therapeutics

Ensysce Biosciences Inc. announced on June 10th that they received funding from the State of Texas Emerging Technology Fund. Funding of up to $1.5 million has been approved for the development of single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) therapeutics for the delivery of siRNA.

“siRNA has issues with adequate cellular delivery, yet is one of the most intriguing and promising approaches to cancer therapy today”

The funds will aid the preclinical development of this promising technology and allow Ensysce to provide high paying jobs that will attract scientists and others to Houston to work on this ground breaking technology. The aim of Ensysce is to use this funding to move SWCNT delivery of siRNA rapidly into clinical development.

Carbon nanotubes provide a means to deliver unmodified, large active molecular agents through natural barriers within the body and specifically into cancer cells. “The siRNA delivery into tumors by SWCNT and biological activity has now been demonstrated in our animal studies,” said Dr. Kirkpatrick, CEO of Ensysce. “We are now optimizing the pharmaceutical preparations to demonstrate the universal nature of these SWCNT carriers for siRNA and believe we will enter clinical trials in the next 12 to 18 months.”

Ensysce recently relocated into the Biotechnology Commercialization Center in the Texas Medical Center, a move that will aid its research collaborations at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center and Rice University. “siRNA has issues with adequate cellular delivery, yet is one of the most intriguing and promising approaches to cancer therapy today,” said Dr. Garth Powis, Chair of Experimental Therapeutics at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center and member of the Ensysce Scientific Advisory Board. “Ensysce’s success in using carbon nanotubes to deliver these macromolecules providing biological activity in tumors is a major accomplishment.”

About Ensysce Biosciences:

Ensysce Biosciences, a Houston, TX-based nanotechnology company, is focused on the use of carbon nanotubes for therapeutics in the area of cancer treatment. The company has an extensive carbon nanotube-related, worldwide intellectual property portfolio, including IP developed at Rice University by the late Nobel Prize winner Dr. Richard Smalley.

Nanotechnology Enabled Products Among Finalists for Discovery Channel 2010 Edison Best New Product Awards

America’s biggest advertiser, Procter & Gamble (P&G) leads the list of finalists in the 2010 Edison Best New Product Awards presented by Discovery Channel with five nods according to an announcement made today, the 163rd birthday of renowned American inventor Thomas Alva Edison, by the Edison Awards Steering Committee at New York’s legendary Friars Club. The announcement was webcast by Discovery Channel, a premier non-fiction cable TV network and a sponsor of The Edison Best New Product Awards. Video of the announcement is available at

Motorola placed second with three of its products among the 55 Edison Award finalists, and General Electric was third with two. Notable finalists include OnStar Stolen Vehicle Slowdown Technology, which enables a stolen automobile to be stopped in its tracks electronically, General Electric’s Volusion E-Series Ultrasound System, which allows three dimensional viewing of babies in the womb, and the Honeywell Wind Turbine from Windtronics. The Wind Turbine is a compact wind-powered electric generator designed for residential use. It could generate enough electricity to make power companies write checks to consumers who use it. Competing electronic reading devices from both Amazon (Kindle II Digital Reader) and Barnes & Noble (Nook Digital Reader) made the list of Edison Award finalists.

In addition to the Edison Best New Product Awards, the Edison Steering Committee also announced four finalists for the Edison Green Award, which honors companies for environmentally friendly innovation, and two lifetime achievement awards. The latter go to former P&G CEO A.G. Lafley, who used the Open Innovation strategy to drive his company’s new product success rate fivefold from the national average (10%) to a whopping 50%; and Dr. Susan Hockfield, the noted neuroscientist now 16th president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

The list of finalists was read by Edison Awards Steering Committee chair Sarah Miller Caldicott, great grandniece of Thomas Edison and co-author of the book, “Innovate Like Edison,” and Ben Bailey, host of Discovery Channel’s “Cash Cab” program. The list is available online at

The Edison Awards, a peer-review honor similar to the Oscars, are voted on by roughly 2,000 members of the not-for-profit Marketing Executives Networking Group (MENG), America’s top executives and academics. The awards symbolize the persistence and excellence personified by Thomas Alva Edison, inspiring America’s drive to remain in the forefront of innovation, creativity and ingenuity in the global economy. Thomas Edison created four industries without which modern life cannot function. They are Electric Power Generation, Recorded Sound, Motion Pictures, and Electric Light Bulbs — all things we take for granted today. Edison also made crucial contributions to a host of other industries including the Storage Battery, Telecommunications, Cement, Chemicals, and Mining. Edison Awards are judged on Marketplace Innovation, Marketplace Success, Technological Innovation, Market Structure Innovation, Societal Impact, and Design Innovation.

“Innovation is more important now than ever,” said Caldicott. “The finalists we announced today are the moving parts in the engine of economic growth. They inspire people to think outside the box and improve the lives of people around the world.

“My great, great uncle, Thomas Edison, mastered five different forms of innovation. Most often, we think of technological innovation as the only form of innovation, but actually there are many others. Edison knew this, and drew upon them all.”

The 2010 Edison Awards are sponsored by TV’s Discovery Channel, Google, The Nielsen Company (a leader in market research and intelligence best known for TV’s “Nielsen ratings”), and Strategyn, a global leader in innovation management. The Edison Awards are associated with The Thomas Edison Papers at Rutgers University, the State University of New Jersey.

A complete list of Edison Best New Product Award finalists by category and Edison Green Award finalists follows.

2010 Edison Best New Product Awards and “Green” Award Finalists


3M MOBILE PROJECTION TECHNOLOGY, from 3M — An ultra-miniaturized projection camera that can fit on the finger tip.

iRaC3 PORTABLE VIDEO MONITORING SYSTEM from Lextech Labs — A portable security monitoring system which can be run from an iPhone.

LIVESCRIBE PULSE SMARTPEN, from LiveScribe Inc. — Robust data and audio recording platform housed in a pen.

ONSTAR STOLEN VEHICLE SLOWDOWN TECHNOLOGY, from OnStar — Automotive technology that reduces deaths and damage associated with high speed police chases.

MOTOBLUR™ SOFTWARE from Motorola — Software which connects cell phones to social media networks with one touch.

Electronics and Computers

CARMD HANDHELD CAR TESTER AND SOFTWARE KIT, from CarMD — The first handheld test unit designed for average drivers to assess the health of their car.

DROID CELL PHONE, from Motorola — Smart phone positioned to rival iPhone as industry standard.

LITTMANN® ELECTRONIC STETHOSCOPE MODEL 3200, from 3M and Zargis — Electronic stethoscope which amplifies, displays, and transmits data for a wide array of body sounds, particularly those associated with the heart.

ZEO PERSONAL SLEEP COACH, from Zeo Inc. — The first sleep diagnostics system which can be used at home.

Science and Medical

S SERIES BEHIND-THE-EAR HEARING DEVICE FEATURING SWEEP™ TECHNOLOGY, from Starkey Laboratories — Touch-activated volume controls on hearing device transforms life for the hearing-challenged.

COMPAS™ PROSTHESIS ALIGNMENT SYSTEM, from OrthoCare Innovations — Real-time computerized feedback system for lower limb prosthetic wearers.

VOLUSON® E-SERIES ULTRASOUND SYSTEM, from GE Healthcare — Advanced imaging technology used in the prevention and diagnosis of women’s health issues.

HARMONIC BLADE FOR ENDOSCOPIC SURGERY, from Ethicon Endosurgery — Soft tissue surgical device designed to dramatically reduce bleeding.

Science and Medical – Game Changers

MICROJET TRANSDERMAL DRUG DELIVERY PATCH, from Corium International — Transdermal patch delivers a diverse array of drugs painlessly, for days at a time.

MICROCHIPS’ ILLUME™ CONTINUOUS GLUCOSE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, from MicroCHIPS — Next-generation diabetes management system using internal chip devices.

NANOMAXX HANDHELD ULTRASOUND SYSTEM, from Sonosite Inc. — The NanoMaxx hand-carried ultrasound system is a high resolution imaging platform intended for point-of-care visualization across a variety of medical applications — in other words, it brings the ultrasound to the patient.

Consumer Packaged Goods – Personal Care Segment

COVERGIRL® & OLAY® SIMPLY AGELESS FOUNDATION, from Procter & Gamble — High performance foundation delivers anti-aging benefits and appeals to cross-over shoppers.

FULL THICKENING CREAM FOR HAIR, from Living Proof — Long-lasting hair cream which increases hair volume using new scientific principles.

ALWAYS® INFINITY FEMININE PROTECTION PADS, from Procter & Gamble — Feminine protection combining breakthrough comfort and protection in a flexible, non-cellulose pad.

Consumer Packaged Goods – Household Segment

PUREX 3-IN-1 LAUNDRY SHEETS, by Henkel — One-step, easy-to use laundry sheets simplify consumers’ laundry experience.

FEBREZE FLAMELESS LUMINARY IN-HOME SCENT DELIVERY SYSTEM, from Procter & Gamble — Breakthrough form delivery for in-home specialty scents.

BOUNCE DRYER BAR, from Procter & Gamble — In-dryer fabric softener creates a new consumer market using a product form borrowed from hotels.

SCRUBBING BUBBLES® TOILET CLEANING GEL, from S.C. Johnson — Gel disc applied with a simple tube applicator keeps toilets clean and fresh for a week.

Consumer Packaged Goods – Food Segment

BETTY CROCKER GLUTEN-FREE MIXES, from General Mills — First line of mass marketed gluten-free mixes offers high taste appeal and reasonable prices.

HEALTHY CHOICE FRESH MIXERS™, from Con Agra — Freshly prepared single serve meal creations that are nutritionally balanced, tasty, and can be microwaved.

DANACTIVE, YOGURT-BASED PROBIOTIC DRINK, from Dannon — Disease fighting bacteria delivered in a delicious yogurt-based drink can transform your immune system.

Consumer Packaged Goods – Consumer Drug Segment

ALIGN® PROBIOTIC FOOD SUPPLEMENT, from Procter & Gamble — A daily probiotic food supplement that helps build and maintain a healthy, balanced digestive system.

LATISSE –The first prescription medication allowing consumers to re-grow eyelashes, safely.

ZYRTEC® ALLERGY TREATMENT, from McNeil Consumer Healthcare — Anti-allergy treatment

maintains leadership position after shift from prescription to over-the counter status.

Media & Visual Communications

iFOOD ASSISTANT, powered by Kraft — An iPhone app which can be conveniently used to plan a variety of quick, healthful meals every day.

SOJERN TRAVEL ADVERTISING, by Sojern — Targeted advertising on boarding passes leverages online check-in trends.

KINDLE II DIGITAL READER, from — Handheld digital e-reader offers computer functionality.

NOOK DIGITAL READER, from Barnes & Noble — Android-based digital e-reader offers reading comfort with customizable color screen.

Industrial Design

SOLE POWER ROOF TILE, from SRS Energy — High-performance, curved solar roof tiles can be installed by traditional contractors versus special technicians.

MOTOROLA APX™ 7000 FIRST RESPONDER RADIO, from Motorola — Ergonomics and dual-panel design of this first responder radio increases safety and speed.

PILAR® KITCHEN FAUCET WITH TOUCH 20, from Delta — Touch-activated faucets save water, energy, and reduce the spread of harmful germs.

Lifestyle and Social Impact

THE EDISON NATION OPEN INNOVATION NETWORK, from Edison Nation — Robust online search network which can be accessed to advance “open innovation” at a reasonable cost.

NON-PROFIT SOFTWARE SUITE, from CCA For Social Good — Easily accessible suite of software products expressly designed for nonprofits.

THE VIRTUAL WALLET, from PNC Financial Services Group — Suite of personal banking services targeted to Gen Y consumers available solely online and via mobile platforms.

GE HYBRID WATER HEATER, from GE Consumer & Industrial Appliances — Energy-saving hybrid water heater compatible with new Smart Grid technologies to be manufactured in the U.S.

Living, Working & Learning Environments

WORKSPRING, by Steelcase — Offsite meeting space that maximizes productivity and encourages collaborative work styles.

AFFORDABLE HOUSING, from The Phoenix Commotion — Building affordable housing from cast-off materials and training unskilled people in the process.

AFFORDABLE GREEN HOUSING, from Builders Of Hope — Renovating homes slated for demolition to create a body of affordable, “green” homes.


TATA NANO AUTOMOBILE, from Tata Motors — Revolutionary new car with a sticker price under $3,000.

THE BRAMMO ENERTIA MOTORCYCLE, from Brammo, Inc. — High performance electric motorcycle can be recharged by plugging into the wall outlet.

Energy & Sustainability – Sustainability

PRIMA BOTTLED WATER PACKAGING, from Primo Water — Plant-based plastic water bottle biodegrades in only 30 days.

NATURA ZERO-VOC PAINT, from Benjamin Moore — Natura emits zero volatile organic compounds, yet is available in 3300 shades.

100% POST-CONSUMER RECYCLED PLASTIC CLAMSHELL PACKAGING, from Earthbound Farm — New plastic packaging compound made from all post-consumer recycled plastic creates new market.

Energy & Sustainability – Energy

OPOWER SOFTWARE AND MARKETING PROGRAM FOR UTILITIES, from OPower — Software and marketing suite for utilities designed to change consumer energy usage behaviors.

HONEYWELL WIND TURBINE, from Windtronics — Revolutionary wind turbine design operates effectively in winds less than 5 mph.

QUANTUM LIGHT™ OPTICS, from QD Vision — Advanced nanotechnology and quantum dot materials decrease energy usage in consumer lighting products.

Edison Green Award Finalists

REBUILDING THE CITY OF GREENSBURG, Greensburg, Kansas — Small town destroyed by tornado totally rebuilds using 100% green practices.

KOHL’S DEPARTMENT STORES — Leading U.S. retailer becomes largest host of solar electricity in the world.

STONYFIELD FARM, New Hampshire — Leading yogurt producer shifts cow’s feed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

FIRST CARBON-NEUTRAL WINERY, by Parducci Cellars, California — Winery implements comprehensive water and soil reclamation practices to become carbon neutral.

TERRACYCLE RECYCLED PRODUCTS AND WEARABLE FASHIONS from TerraCycle — TerraCycle “upcycles” common consumer packaged goods items like Capri Sun Drink Pouches into cool fashion handbags, backpacks, totes, pencil cases, and more.

SOURCE Discovery Channel


The Universe, Crisp and Clear With New Binocular Telescope, Surpasses Hubble in Sharpness of Image

The next generation of adaptive optics has arrived at the Large Binocular Telescope in Arizona, providing astronomers with a new level of image sharpness surpassing that of the Hubble Space Telescope.
Developed in a collaboration between Italy’s Arcetri Observatory of the Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, or INAF, and the University of Arizona’s Steward Observatory, this technology represents a remarkable step forward for astronomy.
“This is an incredibly exciting time as this new adaptive optics system allows us to achieve our potential as the world’s most powerful optical telescope,” said Richard Green, director of the LBT.

The movable secondary mirror during its installation in the Arcetri lab. The image shows the 672 tiny magnets spread on the back of the mirror. The reflecting face of the mirror is facedown. The upper instrument contains the electro-mechanical devices that control the magnets.  
 LBT Adaptive Optics Mirror
Image credit: University of Arizona
“The successful results show that the next generation of astronomy has arrived, while providing a glimpse of the awesome potential the LBT will be capable of for years to come.”
Until relatively recently, ground-based telescopes had to live with wavefront distortion caused by the Earth’s atmosphere that significantly blurred the images of distant objects (this is why stars appear to twinkle to the human eye). While there have been advancements in adaptive optics technology to correct atmospheric blurring, the LBT’s innovative system takes this concept to a new level.
This success was achieved through the combination of several innovative technologies. The first is the secondary mirror, which was designed from the start to be a main component of the LBT rather than an additional element as on other telescopes. The concave secondary mirror is .91 meters in diameter (3 feet) and only 1.6 millimeters thick.
A central region of the globular cluster M92 at 1.6μm as observed with the Hubble Space Telescope (left) and the LBT in adaptive mode (right). It is clear that the resolution and depth achieved with LBT surpass even those of the Hubble image.
 Hubble vs LBT
Image credit: University of Arizona
The mirror is so thin and pliable that it can easily be manipulated by actuators pushing on 672 tiny magnets glued to the back of the mirror, which offers far greater flexibility and accuracy than previous systems on other telescopes. An innovative “pyramid” sensor detects atmospheric distortions and manipulates the mirror in real time to cancel out the blurring, allowing the telescope to literally see as clear as if there were no atmosphere.
Incredibly, the mirror is capable of making adjustments every one thousandth of a second, with accuracy to better than 10 nanometers (a nanometer is one millionth the size of a millimeter).
In closed-dome tests beginning May 12 and sky tests every night since May 25, astronomer Simone Esposito and his INAF team tested the new device, achieving exceptional results.
The LBT’s adaptive optics system, called the First Light Adaptive Optics system, or FLAO, immediately outperformed all other comparable systems, delivering an image quality greater than three times sharper than the Hubble Space Telescope using just one of the LBT’s two 8.4 meter mirrors. When the adaptive optics are in place for both mirrors and their light is combined appropriately, it is expected that the LBT will achieve image sharpness 10 times that of the Hubble.

A double star as observed with the LBT in standard mode (left), and with the adaptive correction activated (right). Because of the atmospheric blurring, the fainter companion of the star cannot be identified in the images taken in standard mode, while it is easily visible when the adaptive module is activated. A third faint star becomes also visible in the upper right part of the frame, thanks to the increased efficiency of the telescope in adaptive mode.

 Image credit: University of Arizona

This success was achieved through the combination of several innovative technologies. The first is the secondary mirror, which was designed from the start to be a main component of the LBT rather than an additional element as on other telescopes. The concave secondary mirror is .91 meters in diameter (3 feet) and only 1.6 millimeters thick.
Setting a New Standard for Optical Astronomy
The index of the perfection of image quality is known as the Strehl Ratio, with a ratio of 100 percent equivalent to an absolutely perfect image. Without adaptive optics, the ratio for ground-based telescopes is less than 1 percent. The adaptive optics systems on other major telescopes today improve image quality up to about 30 percent to 50 percent in the near-infrared wavelengths where the testing was conducted.
In the initial testing phase, the LBT’s adaptive optics system has been able to achieve unprecedented Strehl Ratio of 60 to 80 percent, a nearly two-thirds improvement in image sharpness over other existing systems.
The results exceeded all expectations and were so precise the testing team had difficulty believing its findings. However, testing has continued since the system was first put on the sky on May 25, and the LBT’s adaptive optics have functioned flawlessly and achieved peak Strehl Ratios of 82 to 84 percent.
“The results on the first night were so extraordinary that we thought it might be a fluke, but every night since the adaptive optics have continued to exceed all expectations. These results were achieved using only one of LBT’s mirrors. Imagine the potential when we have adaptive optics on both of LBT’s giant eyes,” Esposito said.
More images from the adaptive optics system are available at the LBT Observatory website
A Decade of Effort Delivers Technological Triumph
Development of the LBT’s adaptive optics system took longer than a decade through an international collaboration. INAF, in particular the Arcetri Observatory, conceived the instrument design and developed the electro-mechanical system, while the University of Arizona Mirror Lab created the optical elements, and the Italian companies Microgate and ADS International engineered several components.
A prototype system was previously installed on the Multiple Mirror Telescope, or MMT, at Mt. Hopkins, Ariz. The MMT system uses roughly half the number of actuators as the LBT’s final version, but it demonstrated the viability of the design. The LBT’s infrared test camera, which produced the accompanying images, was a joint development of INAF in Bologna and the MPIA in Heidelberg. 
“This has been a tremendous success for INAF and all of the partners in the LBT,” said Piero Salinari, research director at the Arcetri Observatory, INAF. “After more than a decade and with so much care and effort having gone into this project, it is really rewarding to see it succeed so astoundingly.”
More on LBT
The $120 million LBT on Mount Graham utilizes two giant 8.4 meter mirrors and with the new adaptive optics the telescope will have the resolution of a 22.8-meter, or approximately 75-foot telescope. The new adaptive optics will enable versatile instruments such as the near-infrared camera spectrometer, which allows astronomers to penetrate interstellar dust clouds and reveal the secrets of the youngest and most distant galaxies, to achieve their full potential on the LBT.
The LBT is an international collaboration among institutions in the U.S., Italy and Germany. The
LBT Corporation partners are:
  • The University of Arizona on behalf of the Arizona university system
  • Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Italy
  • LBT Beteiligungsgesellschaft, Germany, representing the Max Planck Society, the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, and Heidelberg University
  • The Ohio State University
  • The Research Corporation, on behalf of The University of Notre Dame, University of Minnesota and University of Virginia

Secretary Chu Announces Nearly $1 Billion Public-Private Investment in Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage

 U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu on June 10th  announced that three projects have been selected to receive up to $612 million from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act – matched by $368 million in private funding – to demonstrate large-scale carbon capture and storage from industrial sources. 
The projects – located in Texas, Illinois, and Louisiana – were initially selected in October 2009 for phase one research and development grants.  Following successful completion of their Phase 1 activities, these three projects were identified as the most promising industrial CCS projects through a competitive process and will now enter into Phase 2 with additional funding to begin design, construction, and operation.
Today’s project selections are aimed at testing large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage, an important step in moving CCS technology toward eventual commercial deployment.  The Obama Administration has made a goal of developing cost-effective deployment of CCS within 10 years, with an objective of bringing 5 to 10 commercial demonstration projects online by 2016.
“Capturing carbon emissions and storing them underground is a crucial technology as we build a clean energy future and address the threat of climate change,” said Secretary Chu.  “These investments will create jobs and help ensure that America can lead the world in the clean energy economy.”
Projects announced today include large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage projects that capture carbon dioxide emissions from industrial sources – – and store the carbon dioxide in either a deep saline formation or via enhanced oil recovery. The selections announced today are expected to capture and store 6.5 million tons of CO2 per year- the equivalent of removing nearly one million cars off the road- and increase domestic production of oil by more than 10 million barrels per year by the end of the demonstration period in September 2015.

Phase 2 of these projects includes $612 million in Recovery Act funding and $368 million in private sector cost-sharing for a total investment of $980 million. The projects will be managed by the Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory.

Potential additional applications for funding of large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage projects are pending further review.

Phase II Large-scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Selections:
  • Leucadia Energy, LLC (Lake Charles, LA)-Leucadia and Denbury Onshore LLC will capture and sequester 4.5 million tons of CO2 per year from a new methanol plant in Lake Charles, LA. The CO2 will be delivered via a 12-mile connector pipeline to an existing Denbury interstate CO2 pipeline and sequestered via use for enhanced oil recovery in the West Hastings oilfield, starting in April 2014. The project team includes Leucadia Energy, Denbury, General Electric, Haldor Topsoe, Black & Veatch, Turner Industries, and the University of Texas Bureau of Economic Geology.  (DOE share: $260 million
  • Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. (Port Arthur, TX)-Air Products will partner with Denbury Onshore LLC to capture and sequester one million tons of CO2 per year from existing steam-methane reformers in Port Arthur, Texas, starting in November 2012. The CO2 will be delivered via a 12-mile connector pipeline to an existing Denbury interstate CO2 pipeline and sequestered via use for enhanced oil recovery in the West Hastings oilfield. The project team includes Air Products & Chemicals, Denbury Onshore LLC, the University of Texas Bureau of Economic Geology, and Valero Energy Corporation.  (DOE share: $253 million)
  • Archer Daniels Midland Corporation (Decatur, Ill.)-The project will capture and sequester one million tons of CO2 per year from an existing ethanol plant in Illinois, starting in August 2012. The CO2 will be sequestered in the Mt. Simon Sandstone, a well-characterized saline reservoir located about one mile from the plant. The project team includes Archer Daniels Midland, Schlumberger Carbon Services, and the Illinois State Geological Survey. (DOE share: $99 million)